What exactly is vocational and technical training? It includes programs of study at the secondary level and college level that qualify you to practise a skilled trade or occupation, collectively referred to as vocational careers. The various diplomas that qualify you for a vocational career are as follows:
Diploma of Vocational Studies (DVS)
This diploma is issued upon the successful completion of a vocational training program and qualifies you to practise a vocational career. Programs vary in duration from 600 to 1 800 hours, over a period of one to two years. To enroll, you must have successfully completed Secondary III, IV or V, depending on the chosen trade and program. Careers requiring this type of training and the corresponding programs are presented in the Choose the Right Career section of this Web site.
Attestation of Vocational Specialization (AVS)
The AVS is issued upon the successful completion of a program that upgrades skills or provides specialization in a particular trade or occupation. To enroll in an AVS program, a DVS or equivalent experience is required. Programs leading to an AVS vary in length from 330 to 1 185 hours. Careers requiring this type of training and the corresponding programs are presented on this Web site.
Attestation of Vocational Education (AVE)
The AVE is issued upon the successful completion of a program that qualifies you to practise a semiskilled trade or occupation. It is a particularly attractive option for students who want to enter the job market quickly. It allows you to learn a semiskilled trade through a work-study (practicum) or apprenticeship program while completing your basic general education.
This training option is open to students aged 15 years and over who have completed at least their Secondary II studies or the recognized equivalent.
Skills Training Certificate (STC)
The STC is issued by school boards in recognition of the successful completion of a program of study that is developed and implemented by a school board, with the authorization of and in compliance with the conditions set out by Ministère de l’Éducation, du Loisir et du Sport. These shorter programs prepare students to practise a principal trade, a trade related to a principal trade or a specialization, and generally require from 240 to 720 hours of training. To enroll in a program leading to an STC, you must have earned Secondary III credits or recognized equivalencies for language of instruction, second language and mathematics, or the appropriate prerequisites. In addition, students must be at least 18 years of age or meet the admission requirements of Emploi-Québec’s manpower training measure. They must also meet any specific admission requirements established by the school board.
It should be noted that the STC is currently being tested by the school boards and is not included in the basic school regulation.
Diploma of College Studies (DCS)
The DCS is a government diploma attesting that a the holder has successfully completed a three-year technical training program. All technical programs include a number of general education courses such as language of instruction, literature, second language, philosophy and physical education. These courses are equivalent to approximately one year of training and are also offered to those enrolled in two-year pre-university programs. Some universities will recognize the technical training courses leading to a DCS as a prerequisite. Careers requiring this type of training and the corresponding programs are presented on this Web site in the Choose the Right Career section.
Attestation of College Studies (ACS)
Colleges can develop their own programs, which vary in duration and meet specific training needs. Upon completion of your studies in one of these programs, you earn a diploma called an “attestation of college studies.”