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Medical Laboratory Technicians

Other titles : biochemistry technologist - medical laboratory, blood bank technologist, technical assistant – pathology (health and social services network), technologist, medical laboratory


Description :

Medical laboratory technologists conduct medical laboratory tests, experiments and analyses to assist in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease. They are employed in medical laboratories in hospitals, private clinics, research institutions and universities. Pathologists' assistants assist at autopsies and examinations of surgical specimens or perform autopsies under a pathologist's supervision. They are usually employed in hospitals.

Main duties :

Medical laboratory technologists

  • conduct chemical analyses of blood, urine, cerebro-spinal and other body fluids;
  • study blood cells and other tissue to determine their relation to various physiological and pathological conditions;
  • prepare tissue sections for microscopic examinations using techniques to demonstrate special cellular tissue elements or other characteristics;
  • establish procedures for the analysis of specimens and for medical laboratory experiments;

  • perform blood group, type and compatibility tests for transfusion purposes;
  • may perform the duties of a pathologist's assistant in some hospitals.

Pathologists' assistants

  • prepare for autopsies by obtaining patients' medical records and arranging for radiographic examinations;
  • assist with or perform autopsies and surgical specimen examinations under pathologists' supervision;
  • dissect, examine, weigh and photograph organs and specimens, collect tissue specimens for chemical analysis and record findings;
  • may prepare bodies for release to funeral homes following completion of autopsies;
  • may perform the duties of a medical laboratory technologist in some hospitals.

Medical laboratory technologists may specialize in areas such as clinical chemistry, clinical microbiology, hematology, histotechnology, immunohematology and cytotechnology.

  • Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine
  • Outaouais
  • Bas-Saint-Laurent
  • Chaudière-Appalaches
  • Laurentides
  • Laval
  • Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean
  • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
  • Estrie
  • Montérégie
  • Capitale-Nationale
  • Mauricie
  • Lanaudière
  • Centre-du-Québec


Diploma of College Studies (DCS)



  • Biomedical Laboratory Technology
  • Laboratory Technology

Biomedical Laboratory Technology

Program length : 3 years

Program Objectives

This program aims to train technicians to perform analyses or technical work and to collaborate on research and development to provide data or interpret results in human pathophysiology, in diagnosing and treating illness. To accomplish this, the student will be able to perform analyses in biochemistry, microbiology, hematology, hemostasis, as well as perform outside lab analyses, tests, prepare tissue samples and to prepare blood products.

The attitudes necessary to their profession are, the sense of a responsibility, ability to manage stress, to maintain standards of quality and professional ethics.

Those obtaining a diploma in this program will be able to work in a health establishment, a public health centre, in a private lab or in a reasearch centre.

Educational organizations offering the program



Laboratory Technology

(Training program available in French only)

Program lenght: 3 years

Program objectives

The goal of the Laboratory Technology program is to provide students with the aptitudes to become laboratory technologists in manufacturing companies, particularly those in the agro-food, pharmaceutical and environmental sectors. In addition, the students will be capable of working in biotechnology laboratories, laboratories of companies in the industrial chemistry, mining, mettalurgy, petrochemical, materials and pulp and paper sectors. .

Specialization A: Biotechnology

The biotechnology specialization aims to train the students in the area of microorganisms and cells; to perform biochemical, microbiological and immunological analyses; to perform activities related to genetical engineering and to perform toxicity and ecotoxicity tests focusing on quality control, research, development and production.

Specialization B: Analytical Chemistry

The analytical chemistry specialization aims to train students to perform inorganic and organic chemical analyses and to use instrumental and manual methods, all the while focusing on quality control, research, development and production.

Educational organizations offering the program